What Your DORA Metrics Aren't Telling You

Written by:
Team Middleware

Table Of Contents

DORA metrics have rightfully earned their place as critical indicators of software delivery performance. However, relying solely on DORA metrics to gauge developer productivity would be just like assessing a complex machine's health by only checking its oil level.

Software development is a multi-faceted beast, and a team's ability to innovate and deliver value is influenced by numerous factors, both technical and human. To truly understand and optimize developer productivity, engineering leaders must leverage a more comprehensive, multi-dimensional approach that extends beyond the four pillars of DORA metrics.

The DORA Dilemma

DORA metrics provide a highly valuable snapshot of your development pipeline's health, highlighting critical points such as release cadence, efficiency, and stability.
They can help you pinpoint bottlenecks, highlight areas for improvement, and foster data-driven decision-making.

However, DORA metrics also have some inherent limitations:

  • Code Complexity: DORA treats all code changes as equal, whether a simple bug fix or a major architectural overhaul. This means complexity of individual tasks remains hidden, making it difficult to accurately assess the workload and effort involved.
  • Focus on Outputs, Not Outcomes: DORA metrics primarily focus on the mechanics of software delivery, such as how often you deploy and how quickly you recover from failures. While these are important, they don't necessarily reflect the quality, impact, or value delivered to the end-user. With that being said some light on the product quality could be shed based on the CFR and MTTR, which do make a big difference in the overall user experience.
  • Limited Insight into Team Dynamics: DORA doesn't measure factors like team morale, collaboration, or knowledge sharing, which are critical.

A Holistic Approach to Developer Productivity

To complement DORA's strengths and address its shortcomings, engineering leaders should explore a multi-layered approach to measuring and improving developer productivity.

Code Quality Metrics

  • Code Complexity: Understand the maintainability and potential risk of your codebase. High complexity often can add to technical debt, which slows future development.
  • Code Churn: High churn can signal instability and potential quality issues. Identify volatile areas of the codebase that may require attention.
  • Test Coverage: Measure the percentage of code covered by automated tests. Adequate test coverage helps improve code stability and reduces the potential of regressions.
  • Static Analysis: Use static analysis tools to identify potential bugs, security vulnerabilities, and coding standard violations early in the development lifecycle.

Developer Experience Metrics

  • Developer Satisfaction Surveys: Regularly collect feedback on workload, processes, tools, and overall satisfaction to identify pain points and address them.
  • Flow Efficiency Metrics: Measure the percentage of effort on value-added activities versus waiting or rework to pinpoint process inefficiencies. Middleware also gives you in-depth flow metrics and actionable insights to help you build a more efficient software delivery pipeline.

Collaboration & Communication Metrics

  • Code Review Participation and Turnaround Time: Are code reviews timely and constructive? Long delays or superficial feedback can slow down progress.
  • Meeting Effectiveness: Evaluate whether meetings are valuable, focused, and not too much on the team’s plate. Too many meetings can disrupt focus time and negatively affect deep work.
  • Cross-Functional Collaboration: Track the level of communication and collaboration between development and other teams (product, design, QA) to ensure alignment and smooth workflows.

Innovation & Learning Metrics

  • Experimentation Rate: Make sure that new ideas, prototypes, or A/B tests are implemented regularly. This helps build a culture that values exploration and innovation.
  • Knowledge Sharing Activities: Encourage knowledge sharing through internal blogs, documentation contributions, or presentations.

Customer Impact Metrics

  • Customer Satisfaction (CSAT) & Net Promoter Score (NPS): Tie engineering metrics to customer feedback to understand the real-world impact of your work.
  • Feature Adoption: Measure how effectively new features are adopted by users. This can inform future prioritization and roadmap decisions.
  • Time to Resolution for Customer Issues: How quickly do you address bugs or problems? This directly impacts customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Integrating a Holistic View

By combining DORA metrics with these complementary insights, you create a balanced and comprehensive view of developer productivity. 

This enables you to:

  • Make data-driven decisions that are informed by both quantitative and qualitative feedback.
  • Prioritize initiatives that drive both business outcomes and developer well-being.
  • Create a culture of continuous improvement that focuses on learning and growth.

Tools and Frameworks for Measurement

  • Middleware Open Source: Offers out-of-the-box DORA metrics tracking and actionable insights.
  • Jira etc.: Track tasks and sprint progress. You can automate sprint reports with Middleware’s Jira Reports Plugin to bring you more visibility automatically.
  • SonarQube: Open source platform to help analyze code quality and tech debt.
  • Git Analytics: Measure code churn and contribution patterns.
  • Internal Anonymized Surveys: Gather regular feedback from developers on their experience and well-being.


DORA metrics are a valuable tool for understanding your software delivery process, but ideally they shouldn't be your sole focus.
By adopting a broader perspective and leveraging a diverse set of metrics, you can gain a deeper understanding of your team's strengths, challenges, and overall productivity.

Ultimately, a holistic approach to measuring developer productivity fosters a culture of continuous improvement, where both the business and the software delivery team thrive together. This approach ensures that software delivery isn't just about hitting numbers, but about creating a positive impact on both the business and the individuals who build the software.

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